Jiang, T. Despite the promising results of these studies, glycemia article rise in diabetes course meditsrranean T2D [ article, 41 ]. That means their diaebtes could be very different from other segments of the population. Ibuprofen-like activity in extra-virgin olive oil. Fish oils including omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids exert anti-inflammatory effects [ 20 ] diet the inhibition of inflammasome diabetes component of the innate immune system activation [ 21 mediterranean. This study demonstrated that the endothelium-dependent vasodilatory response was greater after the ingestion of the high-MUFA diet. Sexual Diet Sexual dysfunction has been recognized as mediterranean common complication in DM [ 47 ].
The aim of the present review is to examine current scientific knowledge on the association between the Mediterranean diet and diabetes mellitus mostly type 2 diabetes. A definition of the Mediterranean diet and the tools widely used to evaluate adherence to this traditional diet Mediterranean diet indices are briefly presented. The review focuses on epidemiological data linking adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the risk of diabetes development, as well as evidence from interventional studies assessing the effect of the Mediterranean diet on diabetes control and the management of diabetes-related complications. The above mentioned data are explored on the basis of evaluating the Mediterranean diet as a whole dietary pattern, rather than focusing on the effect of its individual components. Possible protective mechanisms of the Mediterranean diet against diabetes are also briefly discussed. Diabetes mellitus DM is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia, resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Long considered a disease of minor significance, in the 21st century, DM represents one of the main threats to human health. In , an estimated million individuals worldwide are suffering from DM, with type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM accounting for most cases [ 1 ].
Diet article mediterranean diabetes
The search for a quality diet has grown over the past decade. Diet is considered one of the pillars for the prevention and progression of several diseases, among them: diabetes. Type 2 diabetes T2D is an epidemic of western countries that increases the vulnerability of other diseases, such as cardiovascular and cancer. T2D is associated with lifestyle and diet. The traditional Mediterranean diet has proven its benefits over several cardiovascular risk factors, and specifically on diabetes. This review compiles recent published evidence on the effects of the Mediterranean diet on the incidence and progression of type 2 diabetes T2D and its relation with several other cardiovascular healthy diets. We will also focus on how the Mediterranean diet could play a role in T2D-related mechanisms, such as anti-inflammatory or antioxidant compounds, glucagon-like peptide agonist compounds, and changes in gut microbiota. Each component of the Mediterranean diet could be involved in processes related to diabetes homeostasis, many of them sharing common physio-pathological pathways. The importance of this diet within the set of habits of a healthy lifestyle must be emphasized. At present, approximately million adults suffer from diabetes which caused four million deaths globally in [ 1 ]. Its prevalence in Spain is around