Healthy eating can play a major role in successfully managing type 2 diabetes. Use these tools to help create a healthy and effective meal plan that works for you. Although there is no single type 2 diabetes diet prescribed to everyone, what you eat really does matter if your blood sugar is uncontrolled. Insulin helps ferry glucose, or blood sugar, from the blood to the cells for energy. Meanwhile, A1C is a two- to three-month average of blood sugar levels, and an A1C of 6. While there are a number of factors that contribute to the onset of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes — including your family health history and ethnicity — experts agree changing your diet has the potential to prevent prediabetes from escalating to type 2 diabetes. It also may stop type 2 diabetes from progressing and causing health complications. Here are 12 basic guidelines you can follow to help build a healthy type 2 diabetes diet plan, whether you have prediabetes or full-blown type 2 diabetes.
Ask your health care team when you should eat and whether you should eat before and after physical activity. The current belief is that people who need to follow a diabetes diet should avoid added sweeteners of all kinds, including sugar substitutes and artificial sweeteners. A high fiber diet—one that contains at least 25 to 35 grams of dietary fiber a day—is essential for good health, and is the key for people with diabetes because fiber helps slow down the absorption of all sugars—those that are naturally forming like in fruits and starches, as well as any refined sugars you consume—in your bloodstream. Fact: You can enjoy your favorite treats as long as you plan properly and limit hidden sugars. This approach can help you choose foods good for diabetes — such as diabetes-friendly fruits, nonstarchy vegetables, beans, and stone-ground whole-wheat bread — to help keep blood sugar levels stable. High-fiber cereals and breads made from whole grains. Mixing it up also helps reduce boredom and lower your chance of getting hurt. Fact: Studies have shown that eating too much protein, especially animal protein, may actually cause insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes. The amount of food you eat is important for diabetes management. On this page Basics Summary Start Here. Make your calories count with these nutritious foods. Canned vegetables usually have added salt as a preservative.
A diagnosis of type 2 diabetes—or even prediabetes—usually means the doctor has suggested that you make some changes to your diet or the diet of someone you care for. This is a good time to become wiser about how you are eating on a regular basis. This is more about your routine daily food choices and meal planning. Use the four sections of a plate as a guide when planning healthy meals for someone with diabetes. Photo: RF. Eating to beat diabetes is much more about making wise food adjustments than it is about denial and deprivation. A better way to look at a diet when you have diabetes is one that helps you establish a new normal when it comes to your eating habits and food choices. In truth, a diet aimed at reducing the risks of diabetes is really nothing more than a nutritionally-balanced meal plan aimed at supporting maintaining blood sugar levels within range and supporting a healthy weight. For those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, the main focus of a diabetes-focused diet is being attentive to your weight.