The great want: current research in Beothuk palaeoethnobotany. Journal of World Prehistory 16, Azania Archaeol. Fire presents clear advantages to a species diet, in that cooking allows a greater range of foods to be eaten and improves the caloric content of both animal protein and plants. Barton, N. The dental and jaw morphology of Australopithecus afarensis have often been assumed to indicate a diet of harder brittle foods, however tooth wear analysis from some specimen reflect a diet of tough grasses and leaves. The researchers offer several points that need to be considered by people wishing to emulate the diets of our ancestors. Cutmarked bones from Pliocene archaeological sites at Gona, Afar, Ethiopia: Implications for the functions of the world’s oldest stone tools. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A , 27—
The Paleolithic diet, or caveman diet, a weight-loss craze in which people emulate the diet of plants and animals eaten by early humans during the Stone Age, gives modern calorie-counters great freedom because those ancestral diets likely differed substantially over time and space, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Kent State University. The data tend to support this view. The co-author on the paper, Dr. Owen Lovejoy, is a Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at Kent State University, well known for his reconstructions of the socioecology and locomotor behavior of early hominids such as “Ardi” Ardipithecus ramidus, 4. The study examines anatomical, paleoenvironmental and chemical evidence, as well as the feeding behavior of living animals. While early hominids were not great hunters, and their dentition was not great for exploiting many specific categories of plant food, they were most likely dietary “jacks-of-all-trades. The review paper covers earliest hominid evolution, from about 6 to 1. This touches on the beginning of the Paleolithic era, which spans from 2. The researchers offer several points that need to be considered by people wishing to emulate the diets of our ancestors. It’s very difficult to characterize the Paleo diet. Advocates suggest certain types of foods and a percentage of energy that should come from protein, fats and carbohydrates. These recommendations are based largely on estimations from a limited number of modern human hunter-gatherers, but the diet of early humans was almost certainly much broader.
An experimental model of the timing of hominid and carnivore influence on archaeological bone assemblages. Science , Everyone would agree that ancestral diets didn’t include Twinkies, but I’m sure our ancestors would have eaten them if they grew on trees. Hublin and M. By at least 2. The degree to which these remains reflect a ritual behavior, regular diet or isolated instances of dietary distress is not known. Peacock, S.